Chaux, Salem and Salt Lake City – ideal cities of the 18th and 19th century
Morphological analysis of cities
Cities in history
Prof. Ángel Martín
This research wants to analyze three newly built cities which aim to not only control a territory or satisfy citizens’ needs, but to also create a social system, determining the ways in which citizens relate.
The three analyzed cities are:
-Chaux, France (est. 1775): Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Sénans, created following a plan by Claude-Nicolas Ledoux to create a city besides a new salt factory.
-Salem, North Carolina (est. 1766): City of the Moravian Church, a Christian branch which fled from Europe and moved around the Eastern United States until settling in this city.
-Salt Lake City, Utah (est. 1848): City of the Mormons – officialy Church of the Latter-Day Saints – which fled west to create their own city.
In these cities, the process of settlement, its geometry and sizing, and its execution are analyzed.